Pros and Cons of Some Irrigation System

Nowadays, there are several irrigation systems that exist. Knowing the different types will give you the knowledge about each one and help you decide which one to install if you want to have one. Whether for field use or for home use (e.g. landscaping or gardening), having an irrigation system will ensure the life of your plants.

Choosing the right irrigation system isn’t as easy as picking the flowers you want to have in your garden. Certain criteria must be met like the kind of plants or vegetation you have around. With irrigation systems, water can be distributed in different ways, frequencies, and volume. Some systems are better for some certain plants while others are not.

This article will discuss the most common types of irrigation systems, their differences, advantages, and disadvantages

Drip Irrigation

Drip irrigation lines your garden area with irrigation pipes and feeds water directly into the plants’ roots. This type gradually drips water into the roots. This makes it the most efficient irrigation system when it comes to water efficiency and usage. Compared to other systems, less water is used with drip irrigation. Water is dripped directly into the roots of the plants which allows for faster absorption and prevents evaporation. Since the water is directed towards the roots, it tends to stay there, giving no room for weeds to grow.

In order for drip irrigation to function at its best, it must be installed correctly. This will require accuracy and will be best installed by professionals. A poorly installed system will make the roots go to the surface desperate for water, instead of going down deep. Drip irrigation also tends to require more maintenance compared to other systems. The equipment is susceptible to mineral build-up and debris.

Sprinkler Irrigation

This irrigation system is the opposite of drip irrigation. Water is distributed from above by sprinklers and not below. Water hits the topmost parts of the plants before it arrives at the roots. Drip irrigation is a good option for smaller areas while sprinkler is the better choice for larger areas like a farm or athletic field. Sprinklers can be placed just about anywhere too and doesn’t need to have a precise location.

Sprinkler irrigation can cover a large area of land which makes it probably the most cost-efficient way to water plants in large areas. But the cost of installing them is the priciest part. If you live in a region where the wind always likes to make a guest appearance, then the distribution of water by the sprinklers can be inconsistent.

Surface Irrigation

If drip irrigation distributes water below and sprinklers above, surface irrigation waters plants somewhere in the middle.

Surface irrigation does not rely on machines but on gravity instead. Water is simply poured on the surface and the shape or terrain of the land will allow for distribution throughout the plants. This system is traditional and has been used for a long time. You won’t need to cough up a few bucks and it can use rainwater as well.

The only drawbacks to this system are that it is dependent on the terrain of the land. Some channels may be made in order to allow water to flow on other parts. There is also the risk of swamping and drowning the plants in the process.

Whatever irrigation system you prefer to have, it is best to hire professionals to install it for you. If you already have one, an Irrigation system Repair and maintenance should be considered.

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